Don't set up the primary admin user with the name "admin" or a person's name as these will be too easy to guess, phished or obtained from publicly available company details! List of macOS Set 'Computer sleep' to "Never" Set 'Display sleep' as required e. A decent text editor that is better than TextEdit e.
Set 'Safari opens with: Alerts Click on 'Alerts' on the left and then "Delivery" on the right: Users Click on 'Users' on the left: For each user: Add associated "Email addresses" as required If the user is not going to administer the server make sure to UNTICK "administer this server" If the user is only accessing services e. If you're going to use FTP to upload files why not set up an "ftpuser" or similar for that purpose but make sure they have a 'Home Folder' set to "Local Only" or they will not be able to use the FTP service.
Once a user has been created in the main user list you can select a user and click the cog button at the bottom for: Edit Access to Services… - if you click "Manage Service Access" here you can set on an individual basis what services can be accessed by that user otherwise all basic services are accessible to all users by default. It is recommended to manage services manually and set the services required for each individual user as required. Edit Mail Options… - you can choose whether email for that user is stored locally or forwarded to a different address.
You can also set an email limit size of individual email here for the individual user Groups Click on 'Groups' on the left: Add groups as required - this is useful for setting group email addresses e. To create an email group, add a group, then right click on it choosing "Edit Group…" For "Mailing Lists" add the group email address including the domain name Add "Members" as required Mail Click on 'Mail' on the left: For "Domains": Add email domains as required For each domain set the users that need email via that domain i.
Automatic - will authenticate users against all accounts Open Directory - open directory users only Active Directory - Active Directory AD users only if server is linked to one Local users - local user accounts only Custom - customise the authentication options Click "Edit Filtering Settings…" Enable virus filtering Enable blacklist filtering Enable greylist filtering if required - see the notes on screen Enable junk mail filtering NOTES for email clients: Useful settings for each domain you add are: To add a different domain e. Generally you will want all of these unticked Use custom error page: You can delete any default files found in there ready for your web site files to go in it.
Or you can login as root and use the Finder to add the user at the Sites folder level and copy all permissions to files and folders in this folder. Apple took a significantly different tactic with OS X This was a 90 percent price reduction over OS X Who can argue with savings like that? OS X This brings the cost of an OS X In all reality, the cost of OS X Apple has a few options for OS X They could maintain the pricing as it stands today. This is the most likely route that Apple will take.
The second option is to just have one OS version altogether. Bundle both OS X You could do this by just including Server. Regardless of which route Apple decides to take, it will be interesting to see how they price OS X Server Admin is an application that allows administrators to manage any OS X Server for which they have credentials. This has been the case until OS X Server Admin in OS X It has been superseded by the Server.
Under OS X With the transition away from Server Admin for managing your server, Apple has brought a significant portion of the functionality into Server. Most of the aforementioned services are now managed under Server.
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Server administrators love staying up to date on how their server is fairing. Under versions of OS X Server, prior to Mountain Lion Server, this was strictly via information on the local console as well as via email. Mountain Lion Server adds yet another option: Push notifications were available under OS X This setup has not changed under OS X There are three methods of notification within OS X Local notifications that show a badge number, email alerts, which will send you an email when something changes, and push notifications.
For low disk space notifications, you could choose at what percentage notifications should be sent. The only delivery option was email. As with OS X The new alert types include: Disk S.
These two are definitely necessary to make sure that the server continues running as smoothly as possible without interruption. As mentioned above, with OS X With push notifications you can receive alerts right on your iPhone, iPad or Mac in order to be able to take care of the problem quickly to minimize downtime.
Also under OS X For instance, you can have software update notifications just go to your email, because while they may be important, they are not mission critical. Conversely, you can have disk unreachable and S. T status messages sent both via email and via push notifications so the administrator can maintain smooth operation of the server.
These upgrades in the alert system will make administering an OS X As with everything under OS X VPN Services is no exception to this rule. Under Additionally, under OS X The option for which VPN type to use is not the only change. Instead of having to determine how many IP addresses you want to use by entering in the VPN address range, you can now choose the number of addresses and then independently determine how many addresses for each type of VPN. You can choose any number between four and the maximum number of addresses from the starting address to the end of the subnet.
The slider is a good option for those system administrators who not be able to determine how big of a subnet to use right off the top of their head. The ability to save the configuration profile to deploy to devices remains unchanged. The configuration profile allows a Server Administrator to easily deploy VPN configurations to devices and users without having to walk them through setting it up, nor giving away the shared secret, which could lead to a potential security hole.
This is why corporations use VPN in the first place, to provide secure communications to their users. Using a VPN Server is also a good option for individuals who want to make sure that their communications are always secure while they are on the road or using their iOS or Mac remotely, particularly at an open Wi-Fi hotspot.
Mail servers on OS X Server have always been interesting. Since OS X Dovecot has survived through to OS X As time has progressed, the process of setting up mail services on an OS X Server has become increasingly simplified. The options with OS X The options available with OS X This made the administration of OS X There are still the same options, excluding the option for webmail, which has been removed.
With the increase in use of iOS based devices, like the iPod touch, iPhone and iPad, all of which have the built-in Mail. For me at least, the use of the web interfaces for my myriad of mail accounts is almost entirely non-existent. I cannot remember the last time that I logged into a web-based mail client to check my email. It only seems like a natural progression of the OS to remove a little-used feature. Apple has added one additional option to the Mail service. Server administrators now have the option to customize Authentication, if they need to do so.
Apple has provided some presets: All other options will pass authentication to the mechanism specified.
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Given that mail services are basically generic these days, it should be no surprise that Apple has simplified the mail service. While there are a few new options, it does remain mostly unchanged from its previous iteration under OS X File sharing, much like Mail services, has not changed a significant amount.
The changes in file sharing from OS X Despite this simplification, OS X There are only two major visual changes. The first change relates to the Home directories SharePoint. When you setup or configure a Home directories Sharepoint, you can now specify which file sharing protocol you wish to use. SMB is typically used by Windows and Linux. The ability to choose will allow administrators to possibly host the actual home directories on a non-OS X server.
While the OS X The second change is an item that was actually present in OS X You now have the ability to see how many connections, and of what type, are connected to the SharePoints that you have defined. This can be useful to determine just how much of a load is being put on a certain SharePoint. This option will also allow for easier troubleshooting should an issue arise. It seems like Apple may have done a rush job on certain OS X It may also be that things were in a transitionary state going from Server Admin to Server. Either way, it is nice to have the feature back.
Overall, there are not that many changes that can be made to the File Sharing service without doing a major re-write of the underpinnings of OS X. Rewriting the File System could potentially cause conflicts with older versions of OS X, and could just lead to problems overall. It would definitely be a support nightmare.
Many companies provide laptops, phones and tablet devices to their employees to use for work purposes. There are many ways to manage of all of these items in the Windows world; however, there are only a few ways to handle this on the Apple side. Profile Manager is a web-based application that administrators can set up to manage and control the devices that they hand to employees. Both can be managed with Profile Manager. Profile Manager allows an administrator to determine what functions can be performed on a system. There are two methods of installing profiles onto devices: The pushing of profiles will only occur if the device is connected to Wi-fi or 3G.
With Profile Manager, an administrator can assign a device to an individual person, or just manage the device on its own. Some additional actions that administrators can perform are remotely locking the device and remotely wiping the device. Both of these can be great if a device gets lost.
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Profile Manager is a great way for businesses, schools, and any other entity with a significant number of iOS and OS X devices to keep tabs on what is going on with the devices. SUS is a service that allows a company to regulate the release of OS X updates by providing the system administrators the ability to test and verify that the updates do not interfere with already installed software, and more specifically, custom applications.
If you tried to uncheck this option, it may not have been honored, but simply ignored.
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Apple provided only limited options for accomplishing this task. All of these options were global and could not be changed to affect individual updates. This behavior has not changed in OS X As with many other services, this functionality has been moved to Server. With the move to Server. The settings have been reduced from six down to two options. You can either have automatic downloading and enabling of SUS updates along with automatic removal of updates that are no longer supported by Apple, or you can have manual downloading enabled.
Manual downloading requires server administrators to manage every aspect of the Software Update Server service. The software update list is comprised of five columns: This is a much easier way to view the list. I realize that Apple is attempting to simplify many aspects of OS X Another option that is not available is the creation of a pool of OS X Servers that could handle the distribution of software updates. It may not be needed by many companies, but it would definitely be a nice feature to have added to Software Update Server.
Many OS X Server administrators use their machines as a web server. Apple uses the Apache web server as its base for serving webpages on OS X servers. This has been the case since the initial release of OS X With each subsequent update to OS X Server, Apple has also upgraded the included components, including the Apache server. A fully patched version Like OS X Yes, 2. Yes, the 2. There only two plausible reason that I can see for why Apple would stick with Apache 2.
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This seem plausible, but somewhat unlikely. The second possibility is that Apple has not fully vetted Apache 2. Apple does offer paid support options for OS X Maybe Apple will have Apache 2. With the transition from OS X There was speculation that Apple would make this move. Additionally, they can keep their installations more up-to-date than Apple decided was necessary. Along with almost every other aspect of OS X You now have more options when configuring a website on OS X OS X Mountain Lion is no different.
This is somewhat bothersome given that the latest is 5. Along with the ability to support PHP natively, which has been present for some time, Apple has also included the ability to support Python web applications on your OS X Python web applications is another option that must be enabled globally, just like PHP. The difference with Python web applications, as opposed to PHP web applications, is that while you must enable PHP globally, you can specifically set certain Python web applications to run only on certain websites.
You do have the option to globally enable Python web applications, but it is not necessary to do so in order to get a Python web application to work on a specific website. To enable certain Python web applications, you must go into the advanced section of the site setup. You will be presented with something similar to the screenshot below. Python Webapps use plist files in order to be loaded. Plists, in case you are not aware, are just XML documents. There is some documentation for creating custom web apps. If you are going to use this, I would recommend looking at the manual page for this as well.
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Python web applications are not the only changes that Apple has made to allow administrators to manage the websites that they host on an OS X As with many items under OS X IP address, port, location of website files, and who is able to access the website. That was it. Along with many other aspects of OS X
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